Oleander a great plant for your garden: Gardening care and tips
A typical sample of Mediterranean plant is Oleander, or simply “Daphne” as it is often called, everywhere. In parks, squares, sidewalks and even as a major tree planting plant for highways, due to its durability in all weather conditions and the little care it needs.
Evergreen shrub with very dense flowering that with the pruning will give it the shape you want depending on whether you want to grow more height creating trunk or side.
Its height can reach up to four meters, its flowering lasts from early spring until about the end of autumn, while the fact that it also retains its rich deep-green foliage and makes it ideal for planting in winter fences etc.
Can for several years to grow in pots, garden or balcony, provided the position to be the place to be in full sun most of the day. In the semi-shaded spots also Oleander will succeed but the flowering will be reduced.
Its water needs are small, the warm summer season needs watering but more to enhance its flowering, as the foliage can stay alive even if it receives little or no water.
Neither soil quality is particularly important for the development of Oleander and it is not uncommon to see sprouts sprouted and even grown in cement soil without any care.
Its pruning takes place in early spring or late autumn after flowering, and every 2–3 years a very “deep” pruning is needed for the plants that you want to maintain a low height and specific shape.
There are different varieties with variations mainly in the form of flowers, which may be double and more closed with the more common species of Pictraphnite, whose flowers consist of five single petals, while the colors are rarer in varieties of yellow and orange.
Its propagation is done by cuttings, but in all flower shops from the end of winter you will find small plants in all shades.
At the initial stage of development and until the shoots are wooded, Oleander needs support with a cane or special support rods or even tying the shoots together “directing” the growing plant to obtain the desired shape and inner volume so that the foliage is dense and without large gaps between the shoots.
Although one of the most common species for planting in both private and public places, it belongs to toxic plants since its leaves are poisonous to both the human body and animals and are equally harmful to trunk and foliage fumes when they burn.