April, work in the garden – all you need to know for a great vegetable and flower garden
April, the fourth month of the year, and spring has entered our lives for good. As the day and night temperatures gradually rise and the sunshine becomes more intense, we are ready to fill our daily lives with more color and liveliness with our favorite plants. After all, gardening is the best hobby to spend time at home with optimism and joy. At this time, we start the new plantings and the cultivation of the spring vegetable garden that will give us a wonderful harvest of vegetables in the summer.
Spring is a good time to plant your favorite ornamental plants both in the garden and in pots on the balcony. Also, an ideal time to plant a new lawn or fill in the gaps on our lawn and take care of it. In April, we can multiply many ornamental plants and flowering shrubs to fill the garden with flowers and share them with our loved ones. This season, we prune a lot of citrus trees and other evergreen plants. And of course, we harvest fresh seasonal fruits and vegetables from our garden and enjoy the effort we put into cultivating them.
So let’s see in detail what cultivation care our plants need in April, to plan the required work. And so to maintain a wonderful garden, with vibrant vegetation, beautiful flowers, and delicious fruits.
What fresh seasonal vegetables and fruits do we enjoy in April?
April is the month that offers us enough vegetables from the late plantings of autumn and winter. Let’s start with beans, artichokes, and strawberries and continue with lettuce, beetroot, spinach, celery, and carrots as well as various herbs such as parsley, dill, arugula, and chives.
From the fruit trees we have in our garden, we will have from there a harvest of fresh delicious fruits such as medlars. Also this season, we collect Angkor mandarins, Navellate navel oranges, lemons, grapefruits, and avocados.
We start planting the vegetable garden
April and it is time to start the first plantings with spring vegetables in the vegetable garden to enjoy the harvest in the summer. We can plant directly with the seed, transplant the ready-made plants we made in the bed, or get ready-made plants from the nurseries and agricultural shops.
We plant our vegetables at the appropriate planting distances for better ventilation and more light. Sparse planting of vegetables contributes to better growth and fruiting, as well as reduced infestations by insects and diseases.
So we start our spring vegetable garden, with the cultivation of tomato, the cultivation of pepper, the cultivation of eggplant, the cultivation of cucumber, the cultivation of zucchini, the cultivation of strawberry, the cultivation of onion, the cultivation of melon, of watermelon, and the cultivation of okra.
Before planting vegetables it is important to prepare the soil using the appropriate soil improvement materials. So we incorporate in the soil organic matter in the form of compost, digested manure, and organic fertilizer to strengthen the soil with nutrients.
We prune trees and ornamental plants
After the winter frosts and the low temperatures of the night have passed, at the beginning of spring, we start the pruning of trees and bushes, choosing a sunny day without rain. At this time we prune the citrus trees and carry out the pruning of the orange, the pruning of the mandarin, and the pruning of the lemon after they have completed their fruiting.
Pruning residues, as well as unwanted grasses (weeds) that we remove from various parts of the garden, are not removed, as we can use them as suitable materials to create compost that will be gradually incorporated into the soil after the completion of composting.
We plant ornamental plants and flowers
The month of April is the right time to give color and beauty to our garden or our balcony. Ornamental shrubs can be transplanted directly into the soil or into larger pots such as roses, geraniums, hydrangeas, azaleas, camellias, and hibiscus.
Also, during this period, in April, we sow or transplant annual spring flower plants such as pansies, petunias, chains, and dogs to make our flower beds and planters more beautiful on our balcony.
And of course, we continue this month to plant spring bulbs for gladiolus, dahlias, amaryllis, and lilies that will give us an impressive and colorful flowering in the summer.
We plant and take care of the lawn
If we want to plant a new lawn or to cover the gaps of the old lawn, in April, we sow with the variety we have chosen. This season is the most suitable as we have excellent conditions of relative humidity and relatively high temperatures for the lawn seed to germinate.
Before sowing the new lawn, we incorporate peat, compost, and special slow-release lawn fertilizer in order to be more successful. Remember that until the lawn sprouts, watering is required at least twice a day.
Also, April is an important month for the care of the lawn that we have installed as we start mowing it and doing the first fertilizations to develop its vegetation.
We create new plants by multiplication
During the month of April, we can create new ornamental plants for our garden and for our pots in the easiest and most economical way. Specifically, we make new plants from herbaceous flower plants and ornamental shrubs such as roses, geraniums, and camellias, mainly using the method of propagating plants with cuttings.
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